Predictors of Clean Cookstoves Adoption by Households in Lagos State, Nigeria

  • S. A. Adebisi
  • F. O. Johnson
Keywords: Traditional Cookstoves (TCS), Clean Cookstoves (CCS), Adoption (A), Partial Least Square (PLS) Regression

Abstract

The adoption of Clean Cookstoves (CCS), which are clean, efficient, renewable and
modern forms of cookstoves and fuels, have shown mixed results globally. In SubSaharan Africa, the adoption rate of CCS is still at the lowest level despite persistent
deteriorating environmental conditions, rapid deforestation, climate change, health
hazards and rising mortality rate of women and young children as a result of the use of
traditional cookstoves and fuels. Several socio-economic, cultural, behavioural,
institutional and environmental factors have been identified as critical factors influencing
energy cooking choice of households across the urban and rural regions. Drawing from
the value chain framework and relevant literatures, fourteen (14) predictive factors were
identified as critical factors for the adoption of CCS and fuels in Lagos State, Nigeria. A
survey of 200 households on their perception of CCS adoption in Lagos Mainland LGA of
Lagos State was carried out. The outcome of responses was analysed using the Partial
Least Square (PLS) Regression Technique. The results revealed that user’s preference,
household’s affordability, CCS suitability, perceived benefits of using CCS, the transition
to CCS, level of education and accessibility of CCS are strong predictors of the adoption
of CCS by Lagos households; the remaining factors are low predictors. Additionally, the
T-test results revealed that all the factors were significant at a 0.05, except for customs
and belief which recorded a lower significant value. The study recommended that all the
identified fourteen (14) predictors should be considered as the value-added interactions
of factors are fundamental to the adoption of a new product or technology, however, the
strong predictors identified in the study should be given utmost consideration.

Author Biographies

S. A. Adebisi

Department of Business Administration,
University of Lagos, Akoka

F. O. Johnson

The adoption of Clean Cookstoves (CCS), which are clean, efficient, renewable and
modern forms of cookstoves and fuels, have shown mixed results globally. In SubSaharan Africa, the adoption rate of CCS is still at the lowest level despite persistent
deteriorating environmental conditions, rapid deforestation, climate change, health
hazards and rising mortality rate of women and young children as a result of the use of
traditional cookstoves and fuels. Several socio-economic, cultural, behavioural,
institutional and environmental factors have been identified as critical factors influencing
energy cooking choice of households across the urban and rural regions. Drawing from
the value chain framework and relevant literatures, fourteen (14) predictive factors were
identified as critical factors for the adoption of CCS and fuels in Lagos State, Nigeria. A
survey of 200 households on their perception of CCS adoption in Lagos Mainland LGA of
Lagos State was carried out. The outcome of responses was analysed using the Partial
Least Square (PLS) Regression Technique. The results revealed that user’s preference,
household’s affordability, CCS suitability, perceived benefits of using CCS, the transition
to CCS, level of education and accessibility of CCS are strong predictors of the adoption
of CCS by Lagos households; the remaining factors are low predictors. Additionally, the
T-test results revealed that all the factors were significant at a 0.05, except for customs
and belief which recorded a lower significant value. The study recommended that all the
identified fourteen (14) predictors should be considered as the value-added interactions
of factors are fundamental to the adoption of a new product or technology, however, the
strong predictors identified in the study should be given utmost consideration.

Published
2019-12-04
How to Cite
Adebisi , S. A., & Johnson, F. O. (2019). Predictors of Clean Cookstoves Adoption by Households in Lagos State, Nigeria. Unilag Journal of Humanities, 7(1), 64-88. Retrieved from http://ihafa.unilag.edu.ng/index.php/ujh/article/view/505